(this transcript is made from photocopies of the original Certificate of Incorporation)

(A Nonprofit Religious Corporation Formed and Operated Pursuant to the laws of the State of California)

            The undersigned individuals and each of them, namely: TERRI GAMBOA, DAVID MAYO, NORMAN STARKEY, PHOEBE MAURER, LYMAN SPURLOCK, JR., JULIA WATSON, and DAVID MISCAVIGE, each of whom resides in the State of California, and each of whom subscribes these Articles of Incorporation, both in his or her capacity as an incorporator of the Corporation and in his or her capacity as an initial Trustee of the Corporation, having associated one with the other for the purpose of forming a nonprofit religious corporation having the purposes, powers and limitations thereon, all as are more fully hereinafter provided, do hereby execute the following Articles of Incorporation:

                                           Name of the Corporation
            The name of the Corporation is RELIGIOUS TECHNOLOGY CENTER.

                          Primary and Exclusive Purpose of the Corporation
            This Corporation is a religious corporation and is not organized for the private gain of any person. It is organized under the Nonprofit Religious Corporation Law primarily and exclusively for religious purposes. In addition to this Corporation's general religious purposes, and its more specific purposes of serving as a church, this Corporation is organized and shall be operated for the primary purpose of ensuring and maintaining the purity and integrity of the religion of Scientology by acting as a vehicle for guaranteeing the ethical propagation, worship and administration of the religious faith, doctrines and practice of Scientology, to regulate and conduct religious services for its congregation, to foster and enchance the spiritual welfare of the followers of Scientology, to espouse such evidence of the Supreme Being and human spirit as may be knowable to man and by their use to bring greater tranquility, order and survival to man in the external world, and to propagate and disseminate the Church creed in accordance with the religious faith of Scientology as laid down by the Founder, L. Ron Hubbard and as set forth in the Bylaws.

            Limitations Upon the Corporation in Furtherance of its Religious Purpose
            (a) That property of this Corporation is irrevocably dedicated to religious purposes, and no part of the net income or assets of this corporation shall ever inure to the benefit of any private party or individual.
            (b) Upon the winding up and dissolution of this Corporation, after paying or adequately providing for the debts and obligations of the Corporation, the remaining assets shall be distributed to a nonprofit fund, foundation or corporation organized and operated exclusively for charitable purposes, or for religious purposes, or for both charitable and religious purposes, and that has established its tax-exempt status under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, or successor statutes of similar import.

                       The Corporation's Initial Agent for Service of Process
            The Corporation's initial agent for service of process is the Reverend LYMAN D. SPURLOCK, JR., whose address is 4751 Fountain Avenue, Los Angeles, California 90029.

                                 Duration of the Corporation's Existence
            The duration of this Corporation's existence shall be perpetual.

                      Regulation and Management of the Corporation's Affairs
            The Corporation's affairs shall be regulated and managed by a Board of seven natural persons who shall be designated “Trustees”, which Board shall have and exercise all powers given to “Directors” by the California Nonprofit Corporation Law.

                                          Powers of the Corporation
            Provided always that they shall be exercised only to the extent necessary or convenient to effect this Corporation's religious purposes, or as an incident to the accomplishment of this Corporation's religious purposes, the Corporation shall have, exercise and enjoy all of the powers of a natural person, including without limitation all of the powers specifically set forth and enumerated in Section 9140 of the California Corporations Code. Moreover, without in any way detracting from the Corporation's authority to exercise fully all of such powers, this Corporation shall hold and enjoy the following powers:
            (a) The Corporation shall have and enjoy full power to act as a trustee under any trust incidental to the principal objects of this Corporation and in the exercise of such power to receive, hold, administer, exchange and expend funds and property subject to such trust, subject always to all of the terms and provisions of the instrument by which such trust is created; and
            (b) The Corporation shall have and enjoy the power and authority of a head organization, having full power and authority to institute or to create subordinate corporations, to issue charters to such subordinate corporations, and to require and assure that the articles of incorporation of such subordinate corporations require the dissolution of such subordinate corporations whenever the charter issued by this Corporation is surrendered to, taken away by, or revoked by this organization and requiring further that in the event of a dissolution of such subordinate corporation for any reason, then the assets of the subordinate corporation after compliance with Chapter 16 (commencing with Section 6610) and Chapter 17 {commencing with Section 6710) (made applicable pursuant to Section 9680) (all of the California Corporation Code) shall be distributed to this Corporation; and
            (c) This Corporation shall have and enjoy full power and authority to make provision for indemnification and reimbursement of its Trustees and Officers, and the directors, by whatever name they may be known or designated, and officers, of any subordinate corporation which this Corporation may institute or create, for the defense of any proceeding, provided that such provision for indemnity shall never be in contravention of, or inconsistent with, the provisions of Section 9246 of the California Corporations Code.

                                       No Members of the Corporation
            This Corporation shall have no members.

                                     Initial Trustees of the Corporation
            The names and addresses of the persons appointed to act as this Corporation's initial Trustees are:
4751 Fountain Avenue
Los Angeles, California 90029

4751 Fountain Avenue
Los Angeles, California 90029

4751 Fountain Avenue
Los Angeles, California 90029

4751 Fountain Avenue
Los Angeles, California 90029

4751 Fountain Avenue
Los Angeles, California 90029

4751 Fountain Avenue
Los Angeles, California 90029

4751 Fountain Avenue
Los Angeles, California 90029

                             Authority to Make, Repeal and Amend Bylaws
            The authority to amend these Articles of Incorporation, and to make, repeal and alter or amend any code or codes of rules used, adopted or recognized for the regulation or management of the affairs of this Corporation, irrespective of the name or names by which such rules are designated, whether as “Bylaws” or otherwise, shall reside solely and exclusively in the Corporation's Trustees and shall be exercised only upon the unanimous action of all of this Corporation's Trustees.

DATED:       December 30    , 1981.

            The undersigned, and each of them, declare that they are the persons who executed the above Articles of Incorporation, and such instrument is their act and deed.


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